Corporate Insolvency

What you need to know about Corporate Insolvency in Australia

As we navigate the challenges of COVID-19, companies and businesses are staring financial distress in the face and grappling around issues of solvency. Insolvency and financial distress can be complex and technical to manage. However, seeking legal advice during this uncertain time is a means to help and guide organisations on what to keep an eye on around insolvency issues.

When does a company become insolvent?

Legally, a company becomes insolvent when it is unable to meet its debts as and when they are due and payable. However, the point of insolvency can be difficult to assess and as such it requires a complete assessment of the company’s financial position carefully and honestly by considering the following:

Commercial realities with a cash flow focus

The commercial realities of a company involve the consideration of non-cash resources like resalable assets, financial support and borrowing and in what timeframes such resources may be available.


At the time of incurring debt, the company needs to ensure it has the resources available to pay the debt when it becomes due.

Short-term liquidity issues

During this pandemic, there is a great likelihood that companies’ liquidity will be drastically impacted but it must be managed properly so that it does not affect working capital. An ‘endemic shortage of working capital’ is a characteristic of insolvency. The key to remaining solvent during this time is to ensure that liquidity issues do not transfer into a shortage of working capital. 

Endemic shortage of working capital

Businesses who are already working under severe financial constraints due to COVID-19 may have moved into a position where it is impossible to recover. If no other methods of financial support are available, a company may have crossed into insolvency. 

Due and payable

A company must make its payments when due. If an agreement has been reached with creditors to extend payment terms, then it should be done in writing. 

What are some of the indicators of insolvency?

These include:
  • A continuing trend of losses 
  • Having below 1 liquidity ratios
  • Commonwealth and State taxes are overdue
  • Unable to borrow additional funds and poor relationship with current bank
  • Unable to secure alternative financing
  • Incapable of raising further equity capital
  • Being placed on COD by suppliers, or if they have special payments demands before recommencing supply
  • Unpaid creditors outside trading terms
  • Releasing post-dated cheques
  • Having dishonoured cheques
  • Seeking special arrangements with selected creditors
  • Solicitors’ letters, summonses, judgments or warrants issued against the business
  • Rounding off payments to creditors, which cannot be reconciled to specific invoices
  • Unable to issue timely and accurate financial information of the company’s trading performance and financial position and in making reliable forecasts

What are some of the long-term options for insolvency issues?

  • Doubts about solvency and whether there is a viable business

The restructuring with safe harbor protection or the voluntary administration with a deed of company arrangement to compromise debts and allow the company to restructure.

  • Insolvent but there could be a viable business

The voluntary administration with a deed of company arrangement as above or liquidation.

  • Insolvent and no viable business to save


A company going through financial distress is a stressful and challenging experience for directors. My Legal Crunch Lawyers is here to help you navigate this difficult time and provide guidance and legal advice on financial distress and insolvency issues. 

Contact Us for a Free Case Evaluation

If you feel that you are a victim, it’s important to take steps to protect your reputation. To schedule a free case evaluation, complete the form or contact us via chat or phone at 0485 872 417.